Hand Spinning & Natural Dyeing - Sarah Matthess

Friday, 2 October 2015

Never Say Dye

Autumn is here, Summer is over, Winter is coming...so whilst there are dye plants to be gathered in the lanes, I am into 'squirrel syndrome'. Gathering up as much of the fading Summer plant-colour as I possibly can before it's all gone. 

There's really no point in me trying to grow dye plants for a yellow dye because horsetail just grows everywhere around here. It's even poking up through my tarmac drive. I have no special recipe for this, and I've written about it before, but here we are again, a good old stand by at the end of the Summer.
 
No recipe as I said.  Just get a big pot of water on the boil, and stuff in as much as you can. When it starts to go limp and boil down a bit, I add more, and carry on adding more until the pot just won't take any more. Its free, so why not have a good deep yellow whilst you're at it?

 
I was pretty pleased with the yellow on this commercially spun sport-weight super wash merino.

 
Beech leaves were my next thought.  Last week the woods near my house looked like this. The colours are fading and changing quite quickly now, so there are probably only a few more days/week of gathering. 


 
Here's a bag full I gathered. I try to gather only a few from each tree. 

 
In for an over-night soak before boiling them.

 
This picture below is really interesting.  The 'locks' on the left are BFL lamb-locks (see on Etsy, )grown here in NI, and so soft you could make baby clothes with it. I love the subtle colour, but I love the butterscotch colour on the 4ply merino next to it too! (also on Etsy)  The difference? The 4ply was dyed with leaves from the woods above which are really damp as a river runs right by them. I gathered them 2 weeks ago.  The locks were dyed with leaves I gathered this week from much more mature trees and from a drier spot.  The dye bath for both looked equally deep, but I have slightly different hues from each. Interesting!

 
Here are some batts that I carded up this morning, onion skin at the top, beech leaves bottom left, and madder root waste, bottom right.
 

 
The weaving loom makes a great place to hang them all out

 
Ok, so you're saying to yourself 'I thought she knew how to spin'. I know this looks a bit of a mess as it is at present, but just you wait.  This is going to be a new super-soft, all natural dye, locks and coils and you name it, art-yarn. So ...watch this space.

 
Aren't the locks below just amazing? I'm not sure I want to spin these as they are so gorgeous on their own just to look at in a pile.  Onion skins and alum on BFL Lamb-locks (see the Etsy listing), Northern Ireland grown of course.  I'll be adding to this post later on when the above art-yarn is finished.

 
Tuesday: As promised, I'm adding to this post, and here's what I did with those yummy locks shown above... (and a lot of other stuff)....
 
This is around 3-5wpi, depending where it's wrapped. Lots of locks, all very soft, from the Blue Faced Leicester, grown here in N Ireland.  I have incorporated my onion skin dye, madder root and beech leaves to creat this yarn.

 
Spinning this was made all the easier by the acquisition of a new bulky flier for my Kromski Symphony from Ann at Spinwise  Thanks Ann! It works great, well packaged and arrived promptly.

 
 
 
I'm adding to the above post today, October 17th, 2015, the art yarn below is spun entirely from naturally dyed fibre, mainly the horsetail dye bath above, also logwood, and naturally coloured BFL. Teeswater locks, silk and merino as well.  A really soft yarn, bulky, and mixed super coil, spiral ply and lock spinning.
 
 
 
Picture below shows the olive green I got from the horsetail, pictured next to naturally coloured merino so you can see the contrast. I also obtained 2 other shades of yellow in the yarn above. These yarns are in my shop.
 


 

Monday, 14 September 2015

Core-spinning

'Blue Bubbles' is the name of my latest yarn. It's a core spun single with an auto-wrap of white lurex.  If you have never tried this technique then look it up on youtube, where it is demonstrated by a number of different spinners.

 
I have found that this yarn needs to be spun on the largest whorl setting that the wheel has so that the speed of spinning is as slow as possible.  I first carded up a big pile of drum carded art-batts full of every available shade of blue and purple wool, merino and soya fibre that I had in my stash, incorporating a very small amount of hot pink merino, and pale pink soya silk.  I then divided the batts up into long thin strips.

 
I spun the strips onto the core, which was a thin commercially spun woollen thread.  Just a word about the core, it needs first to be run through the spinning wheel to give it over-twist, because the next stage of spinning the batt onto it is going in the opposite direction, which 'unspins' the core.  If you don't want your core to fall apart on you, try over spinning it first so that when you start treadling in the opposite direction, it doesn't 'undo'.


At the same time I had a spool of fine soft lurex yarn on the floor directly under the orifice of the wheel. I attached that and it wrapped itself into the yarn as I spun. It wraps randomly, and you don't hold on to it, it just wraps away on it's own, giving this lovely random wild look.

 
A tip on auto wrapping is as follows; if you are spinning the yarn below the orifice the auto wrap will always head down hill towards where you are spinning.  If you spin above the orifice, the auto wrap will head back towards the spinning wheel.  Experiment with this because you will get a different look each way.  I chose to alternate up and down continually, so that the lurex was more random.  When it heads down towards your spinning hands it will tend to get caught up in the batt that is spinning onto the core thread.  That is good because it sometimes just disappears! Then it reappears again later on and that's just adding to the random look. 


A further word on auto wrap thread.  You can experiment with colours, but I like the spun fibres to show.  If I auto wrap with a dark thread, the eye goes to that dark colour and it overpowers the fibres underneath. 

This yarn is up on etsy in 45gram skeins. It's really soft, being about 50% merino and perhaps 20% soya silk. All hand-dyed, and some of it from local sheep. In my opinion, I see this in a woven scarf. If no one grabs it, that's where it will end up!!

Thursday, 13 August 2015

Summer Weaving

Willow is in it's full glory in mid-August, and especially so this Summer due to the amount of rain- fall we have had in Northern Ireland this year. In fact, it's doing really well indeed.  The wonderful thing about willow is its versatility.  I grow a few different species including a bio-mass willow that puts on 10ft in one year. That willow is usually destined for fencing projects and for making wig-wham style pea-stands and
obelisks. 

The willow is all cut in January when the leaves have fallen.  I grade and bundle it, and stand in an airy shed for a slow drying out process.  The willow has to then be soaked for a week before using it. However, on fencing projects like this one, I do not soak it because the amount of bend that I put in each willow is not enough to break it.  It's only on smaller projects like baskets, obelisks and wreaths that the willow would have to be pre-soaked before using.


I decided to make a wind break this week.  I staked out my fence line by driving posts into the ground about every 18 to 20" from each other.  This was all very unscientific, I 'eyeballed' the whole thing, and went round the corner at the end, so the weaving would follow it in a curve.

 
It doesn't look like anything to start with, but as the weaving builds, and is packed down, it starts to take shape.
 
 
Back to the barn for a few more bundles...this type of project takes an awful lot of willow!
 
 
The first few layers of weaving were using the bio-mass willow which is really hefty stuff putting on an amazing amount of growth each year. It takes really good secateurs to cut through it.
 
After completing the wind-break to the height I wanted, I simply sawed off the tops of the posts...
 
 
And you can just see from this picture my 'round the corner' weaving, to make it easier to mow on the other side.
 
 
 
The asparagus bed has been severely hit by the prevailing westerly wind this Summer, so this should help.



 In constructing a woven fence, I start at one end and weave back and forth until I have worked my way to the other end, and then working from that end, I come back again. That way the weaving builds up more evenly.  A really good pair of secateurs is essential for this, and for the heavy willow ratchet secateurs are even better.  I never have enough of the really heavy willow for the fences that I would love to build, so I finished the top of this wind-break with a slightly lighter willow, doubled up, weaving 2 at a time.

Christmas wreaths were my next willow project this week.  It's lovely to work outdoors in the Summer. I had the willow soaked up for a week in my home-made willow soaking vat, so it was ready to go and nice and supple. 

 
 
These are now up on Etsy, and I've posted more about how they were made up there!
 
 
 
If you want to check out some really lovely Co. Armagh basket making, see Greenwood Baskets website. Alison Fitzgerald is a perfectionist and her baskets are second to none.



Wednesday, 5 August 2015

Summer Ramblings

This Summer's ramblings' were in Northumbria with the caravan. A wonderful wild and rugged county.  We worked our way down the coast from Berick-upon-tweed and Lindisfarne with its castle and priory to Bamburgh Castle just south of Lindisfarne.


Bamburgh Castle



Lindisfarne Island Causeway

Lindisfarne Priory was where the Viking's first invaded Britain in AD 793. The island is now accessible by vehicle on a very civilised tarmac road, at low tide. 


Back at the camp site, imagine my surprise one morning to find a newly arrived fellow camper with her spinning wheel perched outside her caravan on the grass. Pity I didn't get a pic of Alison. But we had some nice spinning-chat.

Alnwick a few miles south of Bamburgh, is the home of 'Barter Books'. Anyone who knows the area, knows 'Barter Books'. Housed in Alnwick's beautiful old dome roofed, stone built, train shed, and claiming to be one of the largest second hand book shops in England. I believed that. Model train sets are set up above the bookshelves, and the little trains rattle around the shop giving a very pleasant background noise which sounds like rain. If you don't know that you will think it is raining. It probably is anyway.  Best of all was the 30p a cup filter coffee and the comfy sofas to sit in whilst thumbing through volumes you might want to buy.  I did find something rather interesting.


'The Natural Knitter' by Barbara Albright, published in 2007. This book contains a lot of interesting, and I thought a little unusual knitting patterns, alongside information on the fibre used and highlighting various small yarn producers. Plant and animal fibres are both covered and information on natural plant dyeing.  Barbara Albright lives in Connecticut and is an author of several books on knitting. This book contains a sweater pattern for men, which was a welcome discovery.


I'm trying this one on some soft hand-spun Jacob's fleece blended with black alpaca, spun to a light Aran weight, knitted with a fine strand of brown tweed commercial singles on 6mm needles.


During our travels we stumbled upon Whistlebare where we had a very friendly welcome from the owner, Alice, who kindly showed us around. They run a small family yarn business.  After sheering, the wool is spun commercially and then dyed back at the farm.




'Whistlebare, a small family run business in North Northumberland where we keep pedigree flocks of Angora Goats, for their fine mohair fleece and Wensleydale Sheep for their high lustre longwool.' 


The drive back to the east coast followed Hadrian's Wall. Intrepid hikers were braving the sheets of rain that swept over Northumbria National Park that day. Clad in expensive looking hiking boots and trekking poles, they were really experiencing The Wall! Reaching Caryryan we boarded Stenaline for the return trip to Northern Ireland.


For more lovely photos of places we visited, check out photography by Peter Matthess

Monday, 8 June 2015

Where the Wild Sheep Roam

'Where the Wild Sheep Roam' is a Ravelry pattern found here


I thoroughly enjoyed spinning and knitting this garment for a 2-3 year old child. The pattern comes in 3 sizes and is available as an online download for around £4.00.



This is knitted 'in the round' and steeked

Knitting in the round on double pointed circular needles means you are always working from the front, consequently the knitting pattern chart is much more easy to follow.  I use the 'intarsia' method of knitting for all Fairisle type patterns.

 
If you study the above picture you will see that I've woven with my left hand,  the contrasting colours on every stitch rather than on every 2nd or 3rd stitch as many patterns will tell you.  The reason for that is that I like the over-all finish more. It's more 'firm.'  Also on a child's garment you just don't want any loops of wool as they will be asking to get caught up in fingers or pencils or barbed wire or something.

I hand-spun some soft Northern Ireland lambs wool to around 10 wraps per inch, for this project and used some commercially spun cotton/cashmere for the cream background.

 
This particular sweater is not up on etsy
But the spotty  Coat Hangers are!